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Chat English Grammar Group (Resources 1)

Chat English Grammar; Question and Answer on Verbs!

We listed action verbs and conjugated them in the present tense.

A verb is the central key to every well-written sentence.
Verbs are action word also known as “doing words”.
For example: ‘to go’:- I go to the gym on Fridays. (the verb in this sentence is ‘go’).
Conjugation of the verb ‘to go’ in present tense: –
I go
He/She/It goes
We go
You go
They go

‘To paint’

I paint
She/He/It paints
We paint
You paint
They paint

‘To fry’
I fry
She/He/it Fries
We fry
You fry
They fry

Pick out the verbs in the following sentences.
In addition, indicate/highlight the positive and negative sentences.

1. He watches television every day.

2. She lives in London.
3. Tom is tired.
4. Where’s the train station?
5. I’m not from Spain.
6. They are hungry.
7. The film wasn’t interesting.
8. Is there a letter for me?
9. She doesn’t live with her friend.

Answer
No 1 – the verb is watches and it’s positive
The infinitive form is ‘to watch’
Present tense
I watch
He/she/it watches
We watch
You watch
They watch
No 2- the verb is lives and it’s positive
The infinitive form is ‘to live’
Present tense
I live
He/she/it lives
We live
You live
They live
No 3 – the verb is – ‘is’ and it’s positive.
No 4 – The verb is – ‘is’ and it’s a question.
No 5 – The verb is – am and it’s negative

No 6 – The verb is ‘are’ and in a positive form.

The infinitive form is ‘to be’
Present tense
I am
He/she/it is
We are
You are
They are
No 7 – The verb is ‘wasn’t’ in negative form.

No 8 – The verb is ‘is’ in a question form

No 9 – the verb is ‘doesn’t’ in negative form.
The infinitive form is ‘to do’

Present tense

I do
He/she/it does
We do
You do
They do
Look at the following sentences, and write down past, past perfect, present or future for each one.

1.Margaret Thatcher led Britain’s Conservative party for many years.
2. America’s President lives at the White House.
3. Napoleon won many battles.
4. Denise will sit her final exams in June.
5. I go to my guitar lesson once a week.
6. All the members of the club had been to the previous meeting.
7. At 10p.m., the supermarket will close.
8. Some animals hibernate in winter.
9. Mark will get redundancy pay from his employer.
10. Sophie had never played better than on Sunday.

Answers:

1 – Past tense, 2 – Present tense, 3 – Past tense, 4- future, 5- present tense, 6 – past perfect tense, 7 – future tense, 8 – present tense, 9- future tense and 10 – past perfect.

What’s the difference between I eat cornflakes and I am eating cornflakes?

I eat cornflakes. – Here, eat as a verb is used in the simple present form, showing habitual action. While, in I am eating cornflakes, eating as the verb is used in the present continuous or progressive form, showing that the action is still on.

“Stress timing in sentences”?
Stress timing can help speakers communicate meaning. The way we say something can affect its meaning; depending on how each word in a sentence is stressed.

English is a stress-timed language. This means that stress in a spoken sentence occurs at regular intervals and the length it takes to say something depends on the number of stressed syllables rather than the number of syllables itself. For example, try saying: 1 and then a 2 and then a 3 and then a 4. You will notice the numbers are stressed and the unstressed words in between are said much more quickly in order to keep the rhythm of the language.

CHAT ENGLISHI GRAMMAR  GROUP (Resources 2)

Please find below Grammar tenses,  question and answers asked in our Chat English Grammar group and resources for further reading.

Subject-Verb Concord

In Subject-Verb Concord, if the subject of the sentence is singular, the verb must also be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb must be plural as well. For example, 1.The door is open. (door/is- Singular) 2. The doors are open. (Doors/are- Plural)

Subject/Verb Agreement

Subject/Verb Agreement – For example – These clothes are too small for me. The subject is ‘clothes’ – plural form and agrees with the verb ‘are’. The verb ‘to be’ – I am, he/she/it is -singular form. We are/you are/they are – plural. Therefore ‘ clothes (subject) agree with ‘are’ (verb)

Another example: Peter likes oranges. ‘ Peter is the subject and ‘likes’ is the verb so there is an agreement. How? We say- ‘Peter likes’ and not ‘Peter like’ (If you say- Peter like, there is no agreement between ‘Peter-subject ‘AND ‘like-Verb’ ) BUT in the Negative form: Peter doesn’t like oranges. – That’s correct. We use the infinitive form of a verb in negative sentences. Peter doesn’t likes oranges. -That’s incorrect. Why? No agreement between Peter – subject and likes – verb in a negative sentence. It should be -Peter doesn’t like…

Continuous/Progressive verb
We are going to look at the continuous/progressive verb tenses. Progressive tenses express actions that are unfinished or in progress.
We will start with the present continuous/progressive, the most common progressive tense. You form the present continuous/progressive tense by using a form of the verb be followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I am visiting a friend.”
It is easy to confuse the simple present and the present continuous/progressive. What’s the difference between, “It rains in Ikeja” and “It is raining in Ikeja”?
“It rains in Ikeja” states that it rains in general. It does not necessarily mean that it is raining at the moment of speaking. “It is raining in Ikeja” means that the rain started in the past, is happening now, and will probably continue into the future.

Give one example of what you usually do generally and what you are doing now.
1. I go to the gym every day. (Present tense)
I am going to the gym now. (Present continuous)

2. John goes to the barbing saloon every weekend. (Present tense)
John is going to the barbing saloon now. (Present continuous)
Construct Five Sentences in the Active Form of the Verb and change them to the Passive Form.
Example: John killed the snake.(Active) The snake was killed by John. (passive)

1. Mary baked a big cake. (active) The cake was baked by Mary (passive)

2. Peter climbed the ladder. (active) The ladder was climbed by Peter.(passive)

3. The bird laid the egg. (active) The egg was laid by the bird. (Passive)

4. Sam found her handbag. (active) Her handbag was found by Sam. (Passive)

5. John kicked the football. (active) The football was kicked by John. (Passive)
For more information on Stress in English sentences click here: Stress in English sentences

For more information and practise on Active and Passive voice click here:

Active and Passive voice

CHAT ENGLISHG GRAMMAR GROUP 2

Please find below Grammar tenses question and answers asked in our Chat English Grammar group and resources for further reading.
Subject-Verb Concord
In Subject-Verb Concord, if the subject of the sentence is singular, the verb must also be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb must be plural as well. For example, 1.The door is open. (door/is- Singular) 2. The doors are open. (Doors/are- Plural)
Subject/Verb Agreement – For example – These clothes are too small for me. The subject is ‘clothes’ – plural form and agrees with the verb ‘are’. The verb ‘to be’ – I am, he/she/it is -singular form. We are/you are/they are – plural. Therefore ‘ clothes (subject) agree with ‘are’ (verb)
Another example: Peter likes oranges. ‘ Peter is the subject and ‘likes’ is the verb so there is an agreement. How? We say- ‘Peter likes’ and not ‘Peter like’ (If you say- Peter like, there is no agreement between ‘Peter-subject ‘AND ‘like-Verb’ ) BUT in the Negative form: Peter doesn’t like oranges. – That’s correct. We use the infinitive form of a verb in negative sentences. Peter doesn’t likes oranges. -That’s incorrect. Why? No agreement between Peter – subject and likes – verb in a negative sentence. It should be -Peter doesn’t like…
Continuous/Progressive verb
We are going to look at the continuous/progressive verb tenses. Progressive tenses express actions that are unfinished or in progress.
We will start with the present continuous/progressive, the most common progressive tense. You form the present continuous/progressive tense by using a form of the verb be followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I am visiting a friend.”
It is easy to confuse the simple present and the present continuous/progressive. What’s the difference between, “It rains in Ikeja” and “It is raining in Ikeja”?
“It rains in Ikeja” states that it rains in general. It does not necessarily mean that it is raining at the moment of speaking. “It is raining in Ikeja” means that the rain started in the past, is happening now, and will probably continue into the future.
Give one example of what you usually do generally and what you are doing now.
1. I go to the gym every day. (Present tense)
I am going to the gym now. (Present continuous)
2. John goes to the barbing saloon every weekend. (Present tense)
John is going to the barbing saloon now. (Present continuous)
Construct Five Sentences in the Active Form of the Verb and change them to the Passive Form.
Example: John killed the snake.(Active) The snake was killed by John. (passive)
1. Mary baked a big cake. (active) The cake was baked by Mary (passive)
2. Peter climbed the ladder. (active) The ladder was climbed by Peter.(passive)
3. The bird laid the egg. (active) The egg was laid by the bird. (Passive)
4. Sam found her handbag. (active) Her handbag was found by Sam. (Passive)
5. John kicked the football. (active) The football was kicked by John. (Passive)
For more information on Stress in English sentences click here:

Stress in English sentences

For more information and practise on Active and Passive voice click here:

 

Active and Passive voice

 

Please ‘like below’ if the information provided is  beneficial and don’t forget to ask grammar questions in our Chat English Grammar Group on Facebook.
The importance of academic referencing.
At higher level of studies, students are expected to read and understand other writers’ ideas. Therefore, by making a reference in their work or dissertation shows that the idea has been understood. Additionally, books, journals read or looked at online are also meant to be referenced. This proves that an in-depth research has been made; making your work look scholarly.
Furthermore, by referencing, students avoid plagiarism which is an academic offence. Consequently, poor or lack of referencing leads to loss of marks. However, a clearly referenced work shows a well-researched topic. Referencing is a positive tool, makes work look professional and improves grades.

What is the best accent to learn?


Most English learners talk about British or American accent. In my opinion, there is no British or American accent; I believe that people from these two countries speak differently, depending on the part of the country they come from.
In the UK and US and many other countries, there is lots of different accents or dialects. For instance, Australia, New Zealand, and other countries, where English is their first language. However, in these countries there are different accents and almost everybody can understand each other.
The determining factor to the accent one might want to stick to, could be based on what interests an individual, the country one lives and might visit in the future. Also, it could be related to one’s personality. Thus, I think it’s an individual choice.
Let me know what you think.

 

Good or bad Accent when speaking English.

People talk often about good and bad accent when speaking English. Nevertheless, good or bad accent is nothing to be concerned when speaking English. It’s important to note that people have different accents, and English is spoken in a lot of different countries. Also, people speak with different accents within countries where English is their mother tongue. Therefore, we cannot really say that one is good or bad. Although one may sound more natural to native speakers living in certain areas than others. For example, if you’re speaking to someone from the South of the UK, they may find it more natural to listen to British accent or an accent from another part of the UK. Also, if you’re speaking to an American, they might find it more natural to listen to a local accent or an American accent.

However, a lot of people speak in various different ways and they can be just as accurate. Therefore, we cannot really say an accent is good or bad.
Is there anything like good or bad accent when speaking English?
Please leave a comment.

 

Writing Academic Assignments.

Having obtained three qualifications in six years, I would say that where you come from shouldn’t limit where you go. You can change your life if you are determined and focus on your dream.
I would be sharing steps I took in writing my assignments and achieving success. I obtained BA Hons. Language Studies with English and French in 2015; Cambridge English level 5 Certificate in teaching English to speakers of other languages (CELTA) (QCF) in 2016; and MA. Applied Linguistics (tefl) in 2017.
First step: Taking note.
Firstly, the step I took whilst writing academic assignment throughout my six years of intensive study as a mature student is taking a detailed note during class lectures. I believe that the art of note taking is vital in all aspect of learning and crucial to writing an assignment or dissertation. Information could be lost quickly over time if there’s no strategy or effort to retain it.
It works well for me to remember what was learnt in the class when I write it down in bullet points, then go back to read it and expatiate on when writing my assignment. I think writing notes by hand is much better for long terms memory of ideas or conceptual information. I analyse my notes thoroughly, review and keep reviewing them, highlight the key terms and include vital examples. Also, while making my notes, I tend to write any questions or doubts and research into later.
Look out for my second step in my next blog.

What’s your opinion on writing notes by hand? Does it work for you in terms of remembering it? When the information is needed for a write-up? What are your tips for note making?

Please kindly comment, like and follow.

 

Let’s look at the Present Perfect Tense!

The present perfect is used to talk about things that happened or were done and completed in the past, but which have some connection with the present. When you use the present perfect, you do not mention a specific time.

Example;

1. Her mother has had an accident.
2.They have bought their tickets.
3.Have you bought your tickets yet?

The present perfect is often used to answer the question How long…? together with ‘for’ to talk about a period of time, ‘since’ to talk about the length of time from a particular point.

1.How long have you lived in London?
2.I have lived in London for ten years.
3.We’ve had this computer since 2018.

Read more on Present Perfect tense here:

Present Perfect