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CHAT ENGLISH GRAMMAR GROUP

Please find below Grammar tenses question and answers asked in our Chat English Grammar group  and resources for further reading.

Subject-Verb Concord

In Subject-Verb Concord, if the subject of the sentence is singular, the verb must also be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb must be plural as well. For example, 1.The door is open. (door/is- Singular) 2. The doors are open. (Doors/are- Plural)

Subject/Verb Agreement – For example – These clothes are too small for me. The subject is ‘clothes’ – plural form and agrees with the verb ‘are’. The verb ‘to be’ – I am, he/she/it is -singular form. We are/you are/they are – plural. Therefore ‘ clothes (subject) agree with ‘are’ (verb)

Another example: Peter likes oranges. ‘ Peter is the subject and ‘likes’ is the verb so there is an agreement. How? We say- ‘Peter likes’ and not ‘Peter like’ (If you say- Peter like, there is no agreement between ‘Peter-subject ‘AND ‘like-Verb’ ) BUT in the Negative form: Peter doesn’t like oranges. – That’s correct. We use the infinitive form of a verb in negative sentences. Peter doesn’t likes oranges. -That’s incorrect. Why? No agreement between Peter – subject and likes – verb in a negative sentence. It should be -Peter doesn’t like…

Continuous/Progressive verb
We are going to look at the continuous/progressive verb tenses. Progressive tenses express actions that are unfinished or in progress.
We will start with the present continuous/progressive, the most common progressive tense. You form the present continuous/progressive tense by using a form of the verb be followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I am visiting a friend.”
It is easy to confuse the simple present and the present continuous/progressive. What’s the difference between, “It rains in Ikeja” and “It is raining in Ikeja”?
“It rains in Ikeja” states that it rains in general. It does not necessarily mean that it is raining at the moment of speaking. “It is raining in Ikeja” means that the rain started in the past, is happening now, and will probably continue into the future.

Give one example of what you usually do generally and what you are doing now.
1. I go to the gym every day. (Present tense)
I am going to the gym now. (Present continuous)

2. John goes to the barbing saloon every weekend. (Present tense)
John is going to the barbing saloon now. (Present continuous)
Construct Five Sentences in the Active Form of the Verb and change them to the Passive Form.
Example: John killed the snake.(Active) The snake was killed by John. (passive)

1. Mary baked a big cake. (active) The cake was baked by Mary (passive)

2. Peter climbed the ladder. (active) The ladder was climbed by Peter.(passive)

3. The bird laid the egg. (active) The egg was laid by the bird. (Passive)

4. Sam found her handbag. (active) Her handbag was found by Sam. (Passive)

5. John kicked the football. (active) The football was kicked by John. (Passive)

 

For more information on Stress in English sentences click here:

Stress in English sentences

 

For more information and practise on Active and Passive voice click here:

Active and Passive voice

Adverbs of Frequency

CHAT ENGLISH GRAMMAR 

adverb of frequency 3

adverb of frequency 2adverb of frequency 3

adverbs of frequency 1a

Answer the following questions: –

Exercise 1

Put these adverbs of frequency in the right place in

these sentences.

a I visit my friend. (always)

b I go to the cinema on Thursday evening with

my friends. (sometimes)

c My family drinks alcohol. (never)

d I look after my sister’s children on Saturday

morning. (usually)

e My brother and I watch football on television on

Sunday afternoon. (often)

Exercise 2

Think about your own life. How often do you do something? Write

sentences using usually, sometimes, never, always, often.

Example: I never tell lies. I always tell the truth.

 

Answer
 
a I always visit my friend.
b I sometimes go to the cinema on Thursday evening with
my friends.
c My family never drinks alcohol.
d I usually look after my sister’s children on Saturday
morning.
e My brother and I often watch football on television on
Sunday afternoon.

Writing Academic Assignments.

Having obtained three qualifications in six years, I would say that where you come from shouldn’t limit where you go. You can change your life if you are determined and focus on your dream.

I would be sharing steps I took in writing my assignments and achieving success. I obtained BA Hons. Language Studies with English and French in 2015; Cambridge English level 5 Certificate in teaching English to speakers of other languages (CELTA) (QCF) in 2016; and MA. Applied Linguistics (tefl) in 2017.
First step: Taking note.

Firstly, the step I took whilst writing academic assignment throughout my six years of intensive study as a mature student is taking a detailed note during class lectures. I believe that the art of note taking is vital in all aspect of learning and crucial to writing an assignment or dissertation. Information could be lost quickly over time if there’s no strategy or effort to retain it.

It works well for me to remember what was learnt in the class when I write it down in bullet points, then go back to read it and expatiate on when writing my assignment. I think writing notes by hand is much better for long terms memory of ideas or conceptual information. I analyse my notes thoroughly, review and keep reviewing them, highlight the key terms and include vital examples. Also, while making my notes, I tend to write any questions or doubts and research into later.
Look out for my second step in my next blog.
What’s your opinion on writing notes by hand? Does it work for you in terms of remembering it? When the information is needed for a write-up? What are your tips for note making?

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