Please find below Grammar tenses question and answers asked in our Chat English Grammar group  and resources for further reading.

Subject-Verb Concord

In Subject-Verb Concord, if the subject of the sentence is singular, the verb must also be singular. If the subject is plural, the verb must be plural as well. For example, 1.The door is open. (door/is- Singular) 2. The doors are open. (Doors/are- Plural)

Subject/Verb Agreement – For example – These clothes are too small for me. The subject is ‘clothes’ – plural form and agrees with the verb ‘are’. The verb ‘to be’ – I am, he/she/it is -singular form. We are/you are/they are – plural. Therefore ‘ clothes (subject) agree with ‘are’ (verb)

Another example: Peter likes oranges. ‘ Peter is the subject and ‘likes’ is the verb so there is an agreement. How? We say- ‘Peter likes’ and not ‘Peter like’ (If you say- Peter like, there is no agreement between ‘Peter-subject ‘AND ‘like-Verb’ ) BUT in the Negative form: Peter doesn’t like oranges. – That’s correct. We use the infinitive form of a verb in negative sentences. Peter doesn’t likes oranges. -That’s incorrect. Why? No agreement between Peter – subject and likes – verb in a negative sentence. It should be -Peter doesn’t like…

Continuous/Progressive verb
We are going to look at the continuous/progressive verb tenses. Progressive tenses express actions that are unfinished or in progress.
We will start with the present continuous/progressive, the most common progressive tense. You form the present continuous/progressive tense by using a form of the verb be followed by an –ing verb. For example, “I am visiting a friend.”
It is easy to confuse the simple present and the present continuous/progressive. What’s the difference between, “It rains in Ikeja” and “It is raining in Ikeja”?
“It rains in Ikeja” states that it rains in general. It does not necessarily mean that it is raining at the moment of speaking. “It is raining in Ikeja” means that the rain started in the past, is happening now, and will probably continue into the future.

Give one example of what you usually do generally and what you are doing now.
1. I go to the gym every day. (Present tense)
I am going to the gym now. (Present continuous)

2. John goes to the barbing saloon every weekend. (Present tense)
John is going to the barbing saloon now. (Present continuous)
Construct Five Sentences in the Active Form of the Verb and change them to the Passive Form.
Example: John killed the snake.(Active) The snake was killed by John. (passive)

1. Mary baked a big cake. (active) The cake was baked by Mary (passive)

2. Peter climbed the ladder. (active) The ladder was climbed by Peter.(passive)

3. The bird laid the egg. (active) The egg was laid by the bird. (Passive)

4. Sam found her handbag. (active) Her handbag was found by Sam. (Passive)

5. John kicked the football. (active) The football was kicked by John. (Passive)

For more information on Stress in English sentences click here:

Stress in English sentences

For more information and practise on Active and Passive voice click here:

Active and Passive voice

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